Type of Criminal Charges
There are two types of criminal charges in state court, the misdemeanors and the felony.
The Misdemeanor is any crime whose punishment is 12 months or less. These crimes are prosecuted in Municipal Court, City Court, or District Court.
There are 4 Classes of Misdemeanors
Class A misdemeanor sentence cannot be more than one year.
Class B misdemeanor cannot be more than six months.
Class C misdemeanor cannot be more than three months.
Violations cannot be more than 30 days in the county jail.
Felony is a crime whose punishment is 1 year and a day or more. Felonies are tried in Circuit Court.
There are 3 Classes of Felonies
Class A felony sentence range is 10 years to 99 years or life.
Class B felony sentence range is 2 years to 20 years.
Class C felony sentence range is a year and 1 day to 10 years.
These sentences can be enhanced based upon what was used or the location the crime took place.
The process for a felony generally starts with a warrant or an arrest.
You have a hearing before a judge within 48 hours or less to set bail.
Your case then goes to District Court where you have a Preliminary Hearing.
You can have the Preliminary Hearing or waive the case to the Grand Jury. If the Grand Jury returns an indictment against you, you then are arraigned.
At the Arraignment you can plead guilty or not guilty.
After the Arraignment copies of evidence are exchanged between your attorney and the state and your trial date is set.
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